Geographical Information Systems

Geographical Information Systems can assist businessmen to municipalities, an average computer user to a technician who executes complex spatial analysis for decision support systems. The variety of users complicates implementation and application of GIS. Naturally, GIS is a multidisciplinary concept. Multiple disciplines must be applied together to achieve integrated information systems.

The multidisciplinary nature of GIS results in a diversity of fields where GIS is applicable. Production of digital maps related to a specific “place” enables us to provide “smart” responses to queries related to this “place.” In other words, production of spatial data about a place helps us determine spatial relationship among the other entities in the same place; for example, measuring the distance between these entities accurately. Furthermore, incidents around that specific place can be interpreted and according to the results of analyses, forecasting and planning can be performed more precisely. GIS and its components enable all of these functions.

As you may have already noticed, all of the functionality depends on the data. Therefore, we can achieve correct results if and only if the data is accurate and correct. In order to have correct data, we have to collect and survey it right, process it precisely and present it as wanted. If the data is not collected properly, it is nothing more than a bunch of useless bytes. If not processed properly, spatial data is totally useless; it must be adjusted according to the application that will use it.

UCI steps in at this critical point and starts from the beginning by analysing required data to be collected. Modification of data for better and easier use, different functions for different user levels and similar tasks which require experience will be performed by UCI. In addition to these, UCI supports you through the whole project – from the concept to the final delivery with its experience and know-how. During the operation, UCI will always be with you for technical and other kinds of support. Providing support is a vital component of our business approach.

UCI is also providing field surveying services to its clients through its partners. Complete project management, follow up and quality control processes are performed by UCI in order to make sure that we deliver the right solution. 

Case Study: Municipalities

Municipalities and similar government organizations need GIS more than other clients and they are easier to provide with GIS solutions than most. Municipalities always work on spatial data and geographical attributes of the areas for which they are responsible. Municipalities are closer to the public and therefore probably need to be more proactive than other government bodies.

There are various fields where GIS is applicable in the context of municipalities. In addition to regional and city planning tasks, business process modelling, presenting local information to the residents, establishing the infrastructure for touristic, cultural and other social activities, establishment of a smart geographical information system about the whole city to provide users with functions like finding the nearest pharmacy, address queries at the street level, and so on. 

  • The following are samples of applications that can be provided to municipalities.
  • Modelling the change in the city between dates (number of new establishments, direction of expansion/contraction of municipal boundaries, etc.)
  • Public awareness of the information related to the city.
  • Increasing residents’ awareness of the city by providing an integrated geographical information system
  • Providing a new method of promotion of new developments in the city, supported by the place of development and other applications, such as live video streaming, etc.
  • Management of the municipality’s fleet of vehicles through an integrated vehicle tracking system so that misuse, diversions from the planned route can be detected or better routing alternatives can be suggested.
  • Intelligent transportation solutions can be built on top of an established geographical information system and as a result traffic flow can be controlled and commanded from the centre.
  • Building command and control centre at the municipal building to monitor, command and control all integrated municipal systems.  

Case Study: Incident Management/Emergency Response Systems/Emergency Aid for Healthcare

Disaster management, crisis management, emergency response, incident management and other terminologies aim to address a single issue: helping people when they are in trouble. Therefore, we prefer giving them a single name: Incident Management. This term is applicable to: 

  1. People who have health problems and who need immediate attention
  2. People who are involved in a traffic accident
  3. People who are caught by fire
  4. People who need to be rescued from flooding, earthquake, snow storm, sand storm, hill, lake, mountain, river or who are lost in their way
  5. People who are involved in some or all of the above  

Incident management systems are very important in our daily lives. They must be operated on 7/24 basis and they have to respond quickly. In addition, all procedures must be well defined so that whoever is attending the incident would follow the same steps to help people get rid of their unfortunate situation.

Incident management systems have different components. The most important components and their explanations are summarized below.

*   Human – the most critical aspect of the system. The system is designed for humans and is operated by humans. This makes it complicated and smarter – and error-prone, unfortunately. Therefore, the whole system must be designed in a way that reduces the potential errors before they happen.

         Incident Registry – all incident details are registered in the database and they can be queried by date, time, person, name, keywords, etc. This helps analysing the current incident. 

  • GIS - the authorities must be able to pin point the location of the incident with the help of the descriptions of victims, or by the phone number, or some other information.
  • Not only pin pointing the location, but also finding the shortest and the quickest way to reach the incident location are very important. In addition, GIS will help locating the best suitable resource for the type of incident - for example, if this is a big accident, ambulance and fire brigades, or civil defence may be required.
  • Vehicle tracking systems makes all the mobile and stationary units be visible to the system.

     
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    The system must be integrated so that the incident is handled properly by the most proper agencies. All of the nearest and best available resources can be directed to the incident location. Here, 
  • o   Incident management system finds the proper agency, equipment and materials.
    o  GIS finds the most suitable units according to their locations. For example, some of them might be already patrolling around the incident location and these units can be directed to the new incident if they possess the right equipment.
    o   Vehicle tracking system assists GIS to access locations of the mobile units.
    o  Mobile units will be notified by the navigation devices or radio. They can be tracked en route to make sure that they reach the incident location properly.
  • The incident management system can be monitored and all actions of the officers can be tracked real time at the command and control centre. Therefore, command and control centre must be designed very carefully. There are a lot of aspects that affect the design of a command and control centre. The figure below shows a sample command and control centre design by UCI.
  • UCI can provide, install, integrate, operate and training for the all systems listed above.

     

Samples of GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM services that UCI can provide for you 

  • UCI is an authorized reseller of ESRI and therefore is authorized to sell all products in ArcGIS product family.
  • GIS Centre Design
  • Customized applications
  • Command and control centre design, implementation and integration that uses GIS and other systems to help public safety, security and emergency handling (incident management)
  • Location based services
  • Planning information systems
  • Cadastre Information Systems
  • Web-based mapping and geographical information systems
  • Training on the developed software
  • Full documentation of the services and the software
  • Field Surveying and Geomatics Engineering Activities 

Samples of Recent GIS services provided by UCI

Enterprise GIS Centre (Municipal, at the Ministry Level) 
  • Participate in preparing and delivering of the technical and financial specifications, reports, presentations, designs, RFPs, questionnaires, and all related issues concerning the project.
  • Participate in preparing and delivering the technical and financial specifications of database design of Enterprise GIS Centre.
  • Participate in preparing and delivering the technical and financial specifications of RFP of Enterprise GIS Centre.
  • Participate in preparing the technical presentations and workshop for Enterprise GIS Centre. 
GIS Centre Design and Establishment 
  • Turn-key GIS Centre Establishment has various activities in different fields. The client just specifies his/her requirements, and these requirements are refined through several presentations and brain storming sessions.
  • Analyse and identify requirements of the GIS Centre, in terms seating capacity, different roles, functions of the centre, logistic requirements, infrastructure requirements, etc.
  • Prepare conceptual and 3D, near-realistic designs for customer approval, change designs according to actual physical space provided or instructions of the client. 
  • Contact with required vendors for different components of the GIS Centre, procure required hardware, software, furniture, establish infrastructure and integrate all systems. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GIS Software Development Services

          Please refer to Software Development Section of this document.

GIS Data Services 

  • Analysis of existing spatial data
  • Editing and digitizing services
  • Creation of special-purpose data. For example, 
    o   Road network for navigation data
    o   Utility network for network analysis
    o   3D data for planning or illustration purposes
    o   Tabular data for decision support systems
  • Preparation, refinement and performing data migration, acquisition and maintenance frameworks and workflows
  • Fully documented geodatabase 
    o   Data dictionary and data catalogue preparation at the enterprise level
    o   Illustrations and documentation of tables, relationships, stereotypes, domains and all other specific information related with geodatabase
  • Preparation of cartographic and thematic map templates